Oil and natural gas are non-renewable sources of energy. There have been numerous attempts to minimize the depletion of these two resources. Scientists have proposed many reasons for the high importance of their conservation.
Oil and natural gas conservation involves the use of these resources in a better and a more well-organized manner with respect to economic, social and ambient expenses and rewards, contributing to more efficient energy utilization practices and the reduction of the damage dealt to the ecosystem.
This article evaluates the ways in which oil and natural gas can be conserved, and describes the expected results of these conservation measures.
Conservation of oil and natural gas remains a problem in many countries around the world. One of the most evident proofs of this is a global increase in its price.
Consequently, each of us faces the responsibility of conserving these scarce resources. This involves the support of governmental oil and natural gas protection policies. Every single family should carry the responsibility of conserving state-owned resources.
In order to control the use of oil and natural gas, governments should implement a number of policies. Moreover, motor vehicle users should be obliged to make sure that their vehicles’ tires are sufficiently inflated. The condition of the tires should be checked at least once a month. By doing this, fuel consumption is decreased by about 3%.
Vehicle users should also plan their route in advance. If possible, people should consider other means of transportation: riding a bicycle, walking or taking a bus whenever possible.
Another important method of energy resource conservation is the consistency of the vehicle’s speed. Statistics show that fuel consumption decreases greatly when one drives at the speed of about 60 km/h. At the same time, lower speed is a safety measure. Drivers are also advised to use air conditioners, as this decreases fuel consumption while driving at high speeds, especially on the highway where the road is smooth.
Conservation of natural gas can be achieved in the following ways:
- Use of compressed natural gas. Natural gas is much safer, since it reduces the production of toxic gases like sulphur and lead. It is also better in terms of mileage and environmental impact reduction
- Both at home and in office it’s better to use the equipment that minimizes heat loss while improving heat absorption. It is also recommended that we turn on the oven only when we are ready to cook
- Solar equipment is great. Sun panels, heaters and cookers that…
The Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) is an organization established in India in 1978, under the aegis of the IndianMinistry of Petroleum and Natural Gas that is engaged in promoting energy efficiency in various sectors of the economy. It helps the government in proposing policies and strategies aimed at reducing India's dependency on oil, in order to save money, reduce the environmental impact of oil use and also conserve fossil fuel.
India's demand for petroleum products is increasing at a rate of approximately 3-4% per annum. Some of this usage, the PCRA argues, is avoidable: it sponsored a project in Delhi which demonstrated that fuel worth Rs. 994 cr per annum is being burnt at traffic signals due to idling of vehicles at red lights. Energy efficiency measures to reduce by 2% India's use of petroleum products, worth Rs. 4 LakhCrores per annum, could save the country's Rs. 8,000 Crores worth of imports.
The PCRA is mandated to promote popular awareness of the importance of energy conservation. It cites an international acceptance that energy efficiency measures, like turning off car engines at traffic signals and driving at speeds of 45–50 km/h, could help most countries to reduce their use of petroleum products by 20%. The PCRA promotes a nationwide mass media awareness campaign titled “Save Fuel Yaani Save Money”, broadcast on television, radio, and in newspapers. The campaign mascot, Yaani, is a piggy bank, representing saving. The PCRA took the campaign to the India International Trade Fair – 09, where the PCRA stall featured interactive games and quizzes to promote energy efficiency.
The PCRA aims to become a center of excellence for conservation of hydrocarbons & environment protection for sustainable development on our inherent strength. Its mission is to reach efficient energy utilization and environment protection leading to Improvement in Quality of Life. Its objectives are:
1)To formulate strategies and promote measures for accelerating conservation of petroleum products leading to environment protection, energy security and sustainable development.
2)To create awareness among masses about the importance, benefits and methods of conserving petroleum products & clean environment by enhancing information and capacity building.
3)To promote research, development and deployment efforts aimed at petroleum conservation & environment protection, support & facilitate efforts for adoption and dissemination of fuel efficient technologies and substitution of petroleum products with alternate fuels and renewable.
4)To establish synergistic institutional linkages at the national & international levels in the areas of petroleum conservation & environment protection.
5)To provide training and technical advisory services, designed to achieve economy & efficiency in use of petroleum products for cleaner environment.
6)To function as a Think Tank to the Govt. of India for proposing policies and strategies on petroleum conservation and environment protection aimed at reducing excessive dependence on oil